Know Your Enemy And Have A Weed Free Summer
When weeds are first coming up in the spring, you can either use a hoe or pull them out
Garden and turf weeds most encountered in this area
Dandelion (Taraxacum Officinale) – Perennial
Creeping Bellflower (Campanula Rapunculoides) – Perennial
Quack Grass (Elytrigia Repens) – Perennial
Creeping Woodsorrel (Oxalis Corniculata) – Perennial
Common Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium) – Perennial
Common Groundsel (Senecio Vulgaris) – Annual
Lambs Quarters (Chenopodium Album) – Annual
Barnyard Grass (Echinochloa Crusgalli) – Annual
Common, or Round Leaved Mallow (Malva Neglecta) – Annual
Black Medick (Medicago Lupulina) – Annual
Annual Sow Thistle (Sonchus Oleraceous) – Annual
Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) - Annual
Natural Lawn Care
1. Chose the Right Grass
Choose drought-tolerant grass seeds and spread them on your lawn every fall (over-seed).
A thick lawn will crowd out weeds.
2. Mow High
To discourage weeds, keep your lawn mower blade at a height of 7 cm (3 inches). Never
cut off more than one-third of the grass stem at a time.
Leave your grass clippings on the lawn to return nutrients to the soil. This will reduce your
need for fertilizer by 30 percent. Clippings are mainly water so they add moisture to your lawn.
Best achieved with a mulching deck. If your mower leaves large clumps of grass on your lawn,
you must rake it up to avoid brown spots on your lawn from suffocating the grass under the clump.
4. Top-Dress and Fertilize
Once a year in the fall, use a slow-release granular fertilizer or apply a top layer of natural organic
matter such as compost (top-dress).
5. Let Your Lawn Breathe
Once a year, remove small plugs of earth to allow air and water to get to the roots (aerate). A
pesticide-free lawn will encourage earthworms, nature's aerators.
Let your lawn soak up 2-3 cm (1 inch) of water, once a week, early in the morning, to promote
deep root growth. If it has rained, adjust your watering. Use a rain gauge to measure water levels.
7. Remove Thatch
Thatch, a thick compacted layer of dead plants and grass, attacks harmful insects. Too much
thatch stops water and nutrients from getting to the roots. Remove thatch by gently raking your
lawn in late spring or early summer. Aerate. To prevent thatch, don't over water or over fertilize.
8. Develop a Tolerance for a Few Dandelions Weeds and Insects
Most insects are NOT harmful. Some are important to our environment.
9. Control Weeds and Insects
Dig out weeds and their roots by hand. Pour boiling water on weeds that are growing between
patio stones, etc. Use a stick or your hands to knock insects off plants into a dish of soapy water.
10. Consider Alternative Plants
Alternatives to grass include trees, shrubs, perennials, ground covers, and wild flowers (native
species work best).
Non specific herbicides should be sprayed with caution as they will not only destroy weeds,
but any plant near by. Brushing the leaf of the weed with the herbicide is a safer method.